Industrial Electrician Career Profile: Job Description, Duties and Requirements

industrial electrician

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Interested in technological innovations like renewable energy or the Internet of Things (IoT)? Want to work in one of these fascinating, emerging fields?

You could as an industrial electrician.

These professionals have a hand in getting wind, solar and hydroelectric power systems running. They play a big role in advancing the country’s position in the global energy market through hydraulic fracturing.

And they help improve the productivity and maintenance of industrial machinery by incorporating sensors and telemetry devices.[1]

Industrial Electrician Job Description

Similar to residential and commercial electricians, industrial electricians primarily install, maintain and repair electrical systems.[2]

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The main difference is the setting. Rather than plying their trade in homes or offices, these tradesmen and women work in factories and plants. Consequently, they may work on larger, higher-capacity equipment.

Below is a list of their typical job duties:

  • Reading and interpreting specifications and blueprints
  • Installing, servicing and repairing conduits, wiring and fixtures
  • Conducting electronic inspections and tests
  • Grounding electrical systems
  • Servicing generators, motors and high voltage systems
  • Performing electrical work on environmental regulating systems, pumps and industrial lighting systems
  • Installing, maintaining and repairing heavy duty equipment and industrial communications systems
  • Cleaning circuit boards and contacts
  • Oiling motors and replacing wiring[3]
  • Troubleshooting and repairing electrical components
  • Working with programmable logic/automation controls[4]

Tools and equipment of the industrial electrician trade include electric welders, high-voltage portable cables and electrode-type boilers. They may also work with cranes and hoists, switchgear and industrial control assemblies and capacitors, reactors and storage batteries exceeding 1,000 volts.[5]

Industrial Electrician Jobs by Location and Industry

Where could you work as an industrial electrician? Some states and industries employ more of these tradespeople than others.

Geographic Locations

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) offers geographic employment data for all electricians. These states had highest employment levels for electricians in 2017:

bls industrial electrician chart

  • California: 63,060 electricians
  • Texas: 60,080 electricians
  • New York: 41,920 electricians
  • Florida: 36,820 electricians
  • Ohio: 24,170 electricians[6]

These are all highly populated states, so it makes sense that the concentrations of jobs would be greater in them.

But factories and power plants can be found throughout the nation, and so can jobs for industrial electricians be found.

Industries That Electricians Work in

Industrial sectors had some of the top employment levels, concentrations of employment and compensation for electricians in 2017, reports the BLS.

Industrial Sectors with the Highest Employment Levels

  • Nonresidential Building Construction: 11,430 electricians
  • Utility System Construction: 8,980 electricians

Industrial Sectors with the Greatest Concentration of Employment

  • Coal Mining: 2,240 electricians
  • Metal Ore Mining: 1,110 electricians
  • Tobacco Manufacturing: 430 electricians
  • Ship and Boat Building: 5,000 electricians

Industrial Sectors with the Highest Compensation

Natural Gas Distribution: 720 electricians

Motion Picture and Video Industries: 2,540 electricians.[7] You might be surprised to learn that some celebrities began careers as electricians.

Typical Work Environments for Industrial Electricians

industrial electrician working in the field

Beyond the specific industries cited above, there are certain work environments where industrial electrical services are typically needed:

  • Manufacturing plants
  • Factories
  • Research centers for the sciences
  • Smelters
  • Platforms and refineries for gas and oil
  • Shipyards
  • Power stations
  • Construction sites for industrial structures[8]

Industrial Electrician Training

How do you become an industrial electrician? Below is one path to this career:

Step 1: Finish high school or get your GED.

Step 2: Complete an electrician training program at a trade school.

Step 3: Apprentice as an electrician for four to five years.

Step 4: Pass the Journeyman Exam to work semi-independently under a master electrician.

Step 5: Pass the Master Electrician Exam to work as a foreman or supervisor.

Step 5: Take continuing education courses

Step 6: Obtain industry certifications[9]

The majority of states require electricians to pass an exam on state and local electrical codes, as well as the National Electrical Code to ensure they can safely install and main electrical equipment and wiring.

This is usually necessary to earn a license to work in the state. Since laws and the National Electrical Code sometimes change, continuing education is also a common requirement for electricians.[10]

Getting Started on the Path to Becoming an Industrial Electrician

If you’re about to finish high school or already graduated, enrolling in an electrical technologies training program at a technical school can be the next step.

In as little as three months, you can learn the fundamentals of electricity. An electrician program can also be helpful with the next step on your path to this career, as the competition for landing an apprenticeship can be high.[11]

Want to learn more? Learn how to become a licensed electrician to see what might be in store for your future.

Additional Sources

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